A Postcolonial Biography of Sadrach: the Tragic Story of an Indigenous Missionary

Emanuel Gerrit Singgih

Abstract


Nowadays, many Indonesian Christians are fully aware that evangelic mission in Indonesian context is to be involved in the dialogue of life with one’s neighbor and share their struggles. Sadrach, an indigenous missionary who lived in 19th century, can be seen as a pioneer in this mission method. However, this method was not accepted by the foreign missionaries at that time. They accused Sadrach’s method as a form of syncretism. This work is an attempt to analyze Sadrach’s biography in the framework of postcolonial theory which argues that Indonesian Christians have to learn about their colonial past and strive to maintain equal relationships with non-Indonesian Christians. It is hoped that his achievements can be appreciated by the present generation, and they will not repeat the mistakes of the past. It is also good to be aware that resistance to Sadrach’s mission nowadays will come from some contemporary international mission-bodies which continue the old way of propagating Christian faith without regard to the context of Indonesia.

[Banyak orang Kristen sekarang ini sadar bahwa misi dalam konteks Indonesia adalah melibatkan diri dalam dialog kehidupan dengan sesama dan ambil bagian dalam pergumulannya. Sadrach, seorang penginjil lokal yang hidup pada abad ke-19 dapat dianggap sebagai salah satu pelopor metode misionaris seperti ini. Akan tetapi penyebaran misi ala Sadrach ini tidak diterima oleh para misionaris asing. Upaya seperti ini dianggap sebagai sinkretisme. Tulisan ini merupakan studi biografi Sadrach dalam kerangka teori poskolonial yang bertujuan untuk menunjukkan peranan Sadrach dalam penyebaran misi Injil di Indonesia. Diharapkan generasi sekarang akan belajar dari dan tidak mengulangi kesalahan-kesalahan masa lampau. Studi ini juga untuk menyadarkan bahwa perlawanan terhadap model misi Sadrach pada masa kini akan muncul dari badan-badan misi internasional yang tetap menjadi model-model misi Kristen yang tidak memedulikan konteks Indonesia sama sekali.]

Keywords


Sadrach; indigenous missionaries; foreign (Dutch) missionaries; colonial policy; independent christians

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aritonang, Jan Sihar, Sejarah Perjumpaan Kristen dan Islam di Indonesia Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2010.

Aritonang, Jan Sihar and Karel A. Steenbrink, A History of Christianity in Indonesia, Leiden: Brill, 2008, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004170261.i-1004.

Guillot, Claude, Kyai Sadrach: Riwayat Kristenisasi di Jawa, Jakarta: Grafiti Pers, 1985.

Hoekema, Alle Gabe, Denken in Dynamisch Evenwicht: De Wordingsgeschiedenis Van De Nationale Protestantse Theologie in Indonesië (ca. 1860-1960), Zoetermeer: Boekencentrum, 1994.

Holden, Philip, “Postcolonial Auto/biography”, in The Cambridge History of Postcolonial Literature, ed. by Ato Quayson, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Lith, Franciscus van, “Kjahi Sadrach: Eene les voor ons uit de Protestantsche Zending van Midden-Java”, Typewritten Manuscript, The Library of Kolese Santo Ignation, Yogyakarta. held in the archieves of the Jesuit provincial, Semarang.

Mudimbe-Boyi, Elizabeth, “Missionary Writing and Postcolonialism”, in The Cambridge History of Postcolonial Literature, ed. by Ato Quayson, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Partonadi, Sutarman Soediman, Sadrach’s Community and Its Contextual Roots: A Nineteenth Century Javanese Expression of Christianity, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1988.

Singgih, Emmanuel Gerrit, “Mengkaji Ulang Makna Sinkretisme”, in Berteologi dalam Konteks: Pemikiran-Pemikiran Mengenai Kontekstualisasi Teologi di Indonesia, Jakarta; Yogyakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia; Kanisius, 2000.

Steenbrink, Karel A., “Patterns of Muslim-Christian Dialogue in Indonesia, 1965-1978”, in Muslim-Christian Perception of Dialogue Today: Experience and Expectations, ed. by Jacques Waardenburg, Leuven: Peeters, 2000.

Sumartana, Th, Mission at the Crossroads: Indigenous Churches, European Missionaries, Islamic Association and Socio-religious Change in Java, 1812-1936, Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 1994.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14421/ajis.2015.532.367-386

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Emanuel Gerrit Singgih