Advancing Larger Democracy in Indonesia through Islamic Print Media

Akh. Muzakki

Abstract


Over the past one decade, Indonesia has been renowned for its achievement in consolidating and establishing democracy after having experienced thirty two year political authoritarianism. The power is now step by step leased back to the people. In the least form, people are little by little getting access to the processes of policy-making. Their aspirations, instead of being undermined, are considered to be as gradually important as those of political elites. This paper is an attempt to examine the role of print media in enhancing the democratisation processes through the analysis of the production of Islamic ideas within print media publication. For the purpose of simplification, print media publication can be regarded as part of the essential translation of the press, a pillar of democracy. As a focus of analysis, this paper deals with print publications, in the form of both Islamic books and magazines, produced by Muslim scholars or activists in Indonesia. Islamic books are presented by those produced by publishers, such as Mizan, Gema Insani Press, and Wihdah Press. Islamic magazines are presented by Sabili, Hidayah, and Jihadmagz.

[Lebih dari satu dekade terakhir, Indonesia dikenal sebagai negara yang berhasil melakukan konsolidasi demokrasi setelah mengalami tiga puluh dua tahun otoritarianisme Orde Baru. Kekuatan politik secara perlahan dikembalikan ke rakyat. Setidaknya, rakyat sedikit demi sedikit semakin memiliki akses atas pembuatan kebijakan. Aspirasi mereka kemudian diperhitungkan dan dianggap penting seperti aspirasi elit politik. Artikel ini mendiskusikan peran media-cetak dalam proses demokratisasi, yaitu dengan mengalisis produksi gagasan-gagasan tentang Islam yang dimuat dalam media cetak. Secara umum, media cetak merupakan salah satu bentuk pers yang menjadi salah satu pilar demokrasi. Pembahasan dalam artikel ini difokuskan pada buku dan majalah yang diterbitkan oleh ulama atau aktifis di Indonesia. Mizan, Gema Insani Press, dan Wihdah mewakili penerbit buku, sementara Sabili, Hidayah dan Jihadmagz mewakili kelompok majalah.]


Full Text:

PDF

References


Barker, Eileen, “Crossing Boundary: New Challenges to Religious Authority and Control as a Consequence of Access to the Internet,” in Morten T. Højsgaard & Margit Warburg, Religion and Cyberspace, New York: Routledge, 2005.

Bourchier, David and John Legge (eds.), Democracy in Indonesia, 1950s and 1990s, Clayton, Victoria: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University, 1994.

Fealy, Greg, “Consuming Islam: Commodified Religion and Aspirational Pietism in Contemporary Indonesia,” in Greg Fealy and Sally White (eds.), Expressing Islam: Religious Life and Politics in Indonesia, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2008.

Flew, Terry, New Media: An Introduction, Melbourne: London: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Hackett, Rosalind I.J., “Charismatic/Pantecostal Appropriation of Media Technologies in Nigeria and Ghana,” Journal of Religion in Africa, vol. 28, no. 3, 1998.

Hadiwinata, Bob S. and Christoph Schuck (eds.), Democracy in Indonesia: The Challenge of Consolidation, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2007.

Hasan, Noorhaidi, Laskar Jihad: Islam, Militancy, and the Quest for Identity in Post-New Order Indonesia, Ithaca: Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University, 2006.

Held, David, Models of Democracy, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1987.

---- and John Keane, “Socialism and the Limits of State Action,” in James Curran (ed.), The Future of the Left, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1984.

Hoover, Stewart M., “Religion, Media and Identity: Theory and Method in Audience Research on Religion and Media,” in Jolyon Mitchell and Sophia Marriage (eds.), Mediating Religion: Conversations in Media, Religion and Culture, London, New York: T & T Clark, 2003.

Hwang, Julie Chernov, “Does Participation Matter? Effective Authoritarianism in New Order Indonesia,” in Peaceful Islamist Mobilization in the Muslim World: What Went Right, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Louw, P. Eric, The Media and Cultural Production, London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: SAGE Publications, 2001.

Madjid, Nurcholish, “Beberapa Catatan Sekitar Masalah Pembaruan Pemikiran dalam Islam,” in Islam, Kemodernan dan Keindonesiaan, Bandung: Mizan, 1987.

----, “Keharusan Pembaharuan Pemikiran dan Masalah Integrasi Ummat,” in Nurcholish Madjid et al., Pembaharuan Pemikiran Islam, Djakarta: Islamic Research Centre, 1970.

Mann, Richard, Fight for Democracy in Indonesia, Canada: Gateway, 1999.

McLuhan, Marshall, The Medium is the Massage: An Inventory of Effects, New York: Random House, 1967.

Meisbuger, Tim, Democracy in Indonesia: A Survey of the Indonesian Electorate in 2003, Jakarta: The Asia Foundation, 2003.

Morley, David and Kevin Robins, “Cultural Imperialism and the Mediation of the Otherness,” in Akbar S. Ahmed and Cris N. Shore (eds.), The Future of Anthropology: Its Relevance to the Contemporary World, London & Athlantic Highlands: Athlone, 1995.

Rahardjo, M. Dawam, “Sekularisme dan Sekularisasi,” Media Indonesia, 11 January 2007.

Roof, Wade Clark, Spiritual Marketplace: Baby Boomers and the Remaking of American Religion, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Salman, M.U., “Saatnya Media Islam Tampil,” Sabili, no. 10, year XII, 3 December 2004.

Sen, See Krishna, “Indonesia: Media and the End of Authoritarian Rule,” in Monroe E. Price, Beata Rozumilowicz, and Stefaan G. Verhulst (eds.), Media Reform: Democratizing the Media, Democratizing the State, London; New York: Routledge, 2002.

Solomon, Joan (ed.), The Passion to Learn: An Inquiry into Autodidactism, London: RoutledgeFalmer, 2003.

Wuthnow, Robert, The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith since World War II, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14421/ajis.2011.492.231-252

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2011 Akh. Muzakki